Monitoring and supervision process

After the community led total sanitation process is triggered at Yeshere village, communities were closely monitored and supported by skilled community volunteer selected from the neighboring learning center village with the aim of providing technical support when required by households and also strengthen routine follow-up and monitoring by Yedshere village community committees.  The community volunteers and committees were having joint discussion with the project coordinator(Assefa Mulatu) on a monthly basis which enabled to evaluate the implementation progress and take necessary action in order to further strengthen the forward movement by the community to achieve 100% household latrine construction by all households. Community led total sanitation promote the community to lead the whole process of the action with minimal support from external agents. Accordingly, there was a minimal supervision and monitoring by me and , instead the community volunteer and committees were playing a key role by mobilizing and facilitating the process of community mobilization and participation efforts for the construction of household latrines.

       For the community, community volunteers and committees to work collaboratively  and jointly, the support of government structures and community leaders were well configured and integrated by strengthening three-way partnership by preparing workshop that brought together all relevant stakeholders in to the table and galvanized their commitment and technical support required by the community to achieve their objective of creating open defecation free environment by constructing and using household latrines. Achieving 100% household latrine construction was a common objectives of both the community and local government structures as well as it was the government’s core strategy set by the health policy and community led total sanitation approach was devised by the government to be used as a tool for achieving 100% latrine construction by all households. But it was  a challenge for government health extension workers and officials in which they didn’t succeeded .This was due to lack of technical skills for energizing and effectively mobilizing the communities to take initiatives to achieve their resources and energies to achieve their objective of creating open defecation free environment. My practicum project proposed to overcome those earlier drawbacks by using skilled volunteers, influential community committees which were purposively selected by communities and learned from the nearest learning center communities’ achievements and worked to scale-up the success to their villages. Their efforts were further supported by three-way partnership and project coordinator. 


  Picture 1:  Community volunteers, committees & Extension workers monitoring


 the latrine digging, depth and floor construction process

Through routinely monitoring the process of community mobilization and construction, community volunteer and committees contributed a lot by guiding the triggered momentum towards achieving its intended objectives. Their efforts were also supported by three-way partners and project coordinator. The collective effort improved the qualities of latrine c constructed by Yeshere village , which were never achieved by years of government attempts.


              Picture 2: Walling, supper structure and finishing processes of the latrine construction

As is reflected on the above pictures, almost all of the household latrines are constructed to have to partitions: one for defecation and one for bathing. These were exactly how the latrines were constructed at the learning centers. Community members from Yeshere village were motivated by their neighboring villages achievement and they worked to show that they have the potential to do so as is achieved by their neighboring members. A constructive competition was systematically created in order to energize communities to work hard to their objectives. Systematically motivating and energizing , complemented with careful collection and analysis of information and providing feedback timely to shape mistakes were how the monitoring and supervision operated at Yeshere village to achieve the objectives of achieving 100% household latrine construction.

  However, due to resource limitation, intensive trainings were not facilitated for community volunteers, committees and stakeholders to build capacities and improve qualities of the latrine constructed. Moreover, the heavy raining, and overlapping with agriculture engagement time all contributed for not timely completing the whole process of latrine construction, in which only 80& of households completed latrine construction and the remaining 20% still in the process of constructing superstructure and roofing.