This section highlights methodology/approaches used to identify and analyze the issue, including selection and components of participants, methods and processes and associated risks and techniques used to mitigate those risks. 

Methods, Procedures & Associated Risks

Given the necessity to find first hand local knowledge that will fill to the existing gaps in understanding the subject matter. The following qualitative research approaches is used for this practicum research:


-Moreover, confidentiality of data was given high concentration and the preliminary findings of the research practicum was shared back with the participants who are the primary target and beneficiaries of the project.

-The raw data collected is triangulated among various sources and methodologies and crosschecked with extensive library, academic and media research.

-For the ethical dilemma, the study haven't created physical, legal or economic risks, at least for now. However, to mitigate potential risks, the study was-at the planning stage, designed in human-centered point; considering possible risks and allowing room for flexibility in asking research questions, in rather volatile/unpredictable environment like Galkacyo.

Participant selection and procedures

There were two phases of the research project:

Phase 1: piloting stage where research tools were tested, participants selected;

Phase 2: of which the in-depth insights were gathered.

In addition, total of 36 participants (18 from South Galakcyo and 18 from North) were selected through judgmental sampling. 

To identify who will participate the interview and case study exercise, few key questions were asked to pre-selected participants/pilot participants like: who do you see as influential members of this community and why?” or “who else do you think is important to be part of the research?”.

The following chart gives details on the categories of target participants:

Participant Category1.png